How Is Jumpers Knee Diagnosed?
Diagnosis of jumpers knee is typically based on the history of the condition and the clinical findings. Special investigations are generally not required but can help confirm suspicions however the use of ultrasound imaging and MRI investigations are sensitive for detecting tendon abnormalities and can be useful for helping plan or monitor rehabilitation.
What Is The Treatment For Jumpers Knee
Jumper’s knee can be a tricky condition to treat and in the most severe or persistent cases surgery may be required however the majority of patients with jumpers knee will respond to a conservative management. Classically patella tendinopathy is a condition managed with physiotherapy and requires a combination of activity modification as well as rehabilitation exercises and physiotherapy techniques.
If things are going to improve with an athletes patella tendinopathy then modifying their activity to some degree is almost always required. Meaning more often than not activities such as jumping, cutting, sprinting, or squatting need to be reduced.
Rehabilitation exercises vary as it depends on the individuals requirements, frequently eccentric loading exercises are used to help stimulate a healing response in the tendon but other exercises may be focused at improving the athletes overall biomechanics including alignment exercises, flexibility exercises, not to mention calf strengthening exercises as under performing calf muscles in a jumping athlete can obviously increase the demand placed on the knee in obtaining satisfactory vertical or horizontal jump height / distance.
Alternative Treatment Options For Patella Tendinopathy
Patella Tendon Strap: Often your physiotherapist may prescribe taping techniques or wearing a jumpers knee strap. Some individuals find such a support can reduce pain and ease the strain on the patella tendon. A jumpers knee strap wraps around the tendon just below the knee changing the angle of the tendon against the patella which changes the part of the tendon the forces are transmitted to.
Shockwave Therapy: Just like with most other tendinopathies, the use of shockwave therapy can be a really effective approach with chronic patella tendinopathy. Shockwave therapy helps kick start the bodies natural healing process and is ideal for treating these chronic tendon complaints. At Sydney Physio Clinic we have a shockwave therapy machine which can easily be incorporated into any individuals jumpers knee rehabilitation program.
Injections: Corticosteroid injections, whole blood injections as well as platelet-rich plasma injections are more invasive conservative options that can be used in conjunction with other conservative rehabilitation approaches.
Surgery For Jumper’s Knee
Surgery is normally advised as a last resort for jumpers knee and possible surgical techniques employed can include drilling of the involved pole, tendon excision, and resection of the involved pole, as well as a lateral release where small cuts are made at the sides of the tendon to help take the pressure off the middle third. Regardless of the surgical technique used an intensive rehabilitative physiotherapy program is normally advised following surgery with particular emphasis on the use of eccentric strengthening exercises to help stimulate healing.
Disclaimer: Sydney Physio Clinic does not endorse any treatments, procedures, products mentioned. This information is provided as an educational service and is not intended to serve as medical advice. Anyone seeking specific advice or assistance regarding Diagnosis And Treatment Of Jumpers Knee should consult his or her orthopaedic surgeon, general practitioner, sports medicine specialist or physiotherapist.